तं दुर्दर्शं गूढमनुप्रविष्टं गुहाहितं गह्वरेष्ठं पुराणम् ।Katha Upanishad Verse 1.2.12
अध्यात्मयोगाधिगमेन देवं मत्वा धीरो हर्षशोकौ जहाति ॥ १२ ॥
taṃ durdarśaṃ gūḍhamanupraviṣṭaṃ guhāhitaṃ gahvareṣṭhaṃ purāṇam
adhyātmayogādhigamena devaṃ matvā dhīro harṣaśokau jahāti
A person should realize the Divinity of his own Soul by concentrating the mind on the Inner Self within which is Eternally free. The inability to perceive the soul, situated deep in the Cave of God, is due to the mental restlessness and desires, It is caused by the dual experiences of pleasure and pain, joys and sorrows. Once one realizes the spirit deep within, all the delusions caused by the dualities of nature disappear.
हन्त त इदं प्रवक्श्यामि गुह्यं ब्रह्म सनातनम् ।Katha Upanishad Verse 2.2.6
यथा च मरणं प्राप्य आत्मा भवति गौतम ॥ ६ ॥
hanta ta idaṃ pravakśyāmi guhyaṃ brahma sanātanam
yathā ca maraṇaṃ prāpya ātmā bhavati gautama
O’ Gautama. Now I will tell you about the mysterious Eternal Brahmamand about the destiny of the individual soul after death.
योनिमन्ये प्रपद्यन्ते शरीरत्वाय देहिनः ।Katha Upanishad Verse 2.2.7
स्थाणुमन्येऽनुसंयन्ति यथाकर्म यथाश्रुतम् ॥ ७ ॥
yonimanye prapadyante śarīratvāya dehinaḥ
sthāṇumanye’nusaṃyanti yathākarma yathāśrutam
Some Jeevaatmaa (Individual Souls), in order to obtain a body again, enter into the wombs of other beings, depending upon their own past actions and intellectual development and some other souls obtain immovable bodies like plants and rocks etc.
य एष सुप्तेषु जागर्ति कामं कामं पुरुषो निर्मिमाणः ।Katha Upanishad Verse 2.2.8
तदेव शुक्रं तद्ब्रह्म तदेवामृतमुच्यते ।
तस्मिंल्लोकाः श्रिताः सर्वे तदु नात्येति कश्चन । एतद्वैतत् ॥ ८ ॥
ya eṣa supteṣu jāgarti kāmaṃ kāmaṃ puruṣo nirmimāṇaḥ
tadeva śukraṃ tadbrahma tadevāmṛtamucyate
tasmiṃllokāḥ śritāḥ sarve tadu nātyeti kaścana | etadvaitat
When the Prana (Life Energy) is sleeping and dormant, when the senses and sense organs are dormant and sleeping, the pure, effulgent, glorious Supreme Being, who has created the Creation imposed the Law of Karma or the Cosmic Law, keeps awake. That is known as Brahmam. He is the Immortal and Eternal, in whom are sheltered, all the worlds and all beings. None can ever transcend Him. This is what you need to know.
May God and Guru Bless, Guide, Protect and Inspire each one of us and the Whole Universe.
With Love and Best Wishes,
Paramahansa Atmananda Ji