We continue with the 14th chapter, titled as “Guna Traya or Bibhaga Yogah.” The meaning is the differentiation of the 3 basic qualities of Nature.
श्रीभगवानुवाच |The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 1
परं भूय: प्रवक्ष्यामि ज्ञानानां ज्ञानमुत्तमम् |
यज्ज्ञात्वा मुनय: सर्वे परां सिद्धिमितो गता: || 1||
paraṁ bhūyaḥ pravakṣhyāmi jñānānāṁ jñānam uttamam
yaj jñātvā munayaḥ sarve parāṁ siddhim ito gatāḥ
The Blessed Lord speaks:
I will tell you again that highest knowledge, which is the Supreme Knowledge, best of all knowledge. Attaining this knowledge, all saints and sages, have become liberated from the bondage of worldly life and have attained self-realization.
Knowing Brahma Vidya, nothing else needs to be known
इदं ज्ञानमुपाश्रित्य मम साधर्म्यमागता: |The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 1
सर्गेऽपि नोपजायन्ते प्रलये न व्यथन्ति च || 2||
idaṁ jñānam upāśhritya mama sādharmyam āgatāḥ
sarge ’pi nopajāyante pralaye na vyathanti cha
Taking shelter in this knowledge, those, who have realized Me, become free from the pangs of birth, during creation, nor do they suffer during the time of dissolution.
Knowledge is the greatest blessings. Material knowledge, give material benefits and freedom from superstitions, fears,
मम योनिर्महद् ब्रह्म तस्मिन्गर्भं दधाम्यहम् |The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 3
सम्भव: सर्वभूतानां ततो भवति भारत || 3||
mama yonir mahad brahma tasmin garbhaṁ dadhāmy aham
sambhavaḥ sarvabhūtānāṁ tato bhavati bhārata
My womb is the Mahat Brahma, Mother Nature. In it I put the fertilized seed. From this, occurs the birth of all Beings.
The whole, the Entire Macro, and Micro Cosmos are the Mahat, Brahmaa, the God of Creation. This is Mother Nature, the goes, also known as Moola Prakriti. As an expression, one can say, the Universe, the entire Creation, is the dance of Brahma. In simple language, the entire creation is the joyful dance of the Creator, which includes all aspects of Procreative activities. Interestingly, the Master of the Cosmic Time, Lord Shiva, is also known as Natraj, the Monarch of Cosmic Dance, which is also birthless Cosmic Time. The third of the Hindu Trinity, Visnu, described as the Maintainer of the Creation, is in between the two, Brahma and Shiv. Visnusymbolizes balance and harmony. These 3 are known as Manas Putra or Mental Sons of the Supreme Paramatma. As this verse signifies, the Supreme Lord, God does and gets things done, by His Will Power only, through the agency of Mahat Brahma or Mother Nature.
सर्वयोनिषु कौन्तेय मूर्तय: सम्भवन्ति या: |The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18, Verse 4
तासां ब्रह्म महद्योनिरहं बीजप्रद: पिता || 4||
sarva-yoniṣhu kaunteya mūrtayaḥ sambhavanti yāḥ
tāsāṁ brahma mahadyonirahaṁ bījapradaḥ pitā
O’ Kounteya (Arjuna), whatever forms are produced, in all the wombs, the great Brahma is this womb theirs. It is I who donates the seeds. I am the Father.
There are millions and millions of species of creatures (forms) being born constantly.
सत्वं रजस्तम इति गुणा: प्रकृतिसम्भवा: |The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14, Verse 5
निबध्नन्ति महाबाहो देहे देहिनमव्ययम् || 5||
sattvaṁ rajas tama iti guṇāḥ prakṛiti-sambhavāḥ
nibadhnanti mahā-bāho dehe dehinam avyayam
O’ Mighty Armed, Truth and Harmony, Restlessness and Ignorance are the basic qualities of Nature. These are born of Nature and imprison the indestructible embodied soul in the body.
How and Why? Why do things happen? How do things happen? Atman, the Soul, the Spirit is free, Immortal, and how the Cosmic Law of Karma works and Creation, birth, death, and rebirth are perpetuated. How the ever free soul, Jeevatma, imagines being bound to the body, mind, intellect, and ego? How the concept of Me and Mine comes? In this verse, Krishna answers the basic questions. Mother Nature, Moola Prakruti or Brahma, the Creator, makes it happen by creating the three basic qualities (Gunas) of the Creation. These three: Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas, in permutation and combination, bind the immortal Soul to the mortal body. In the process of experiencing Sattwa, Rajas and Taamasic Gunas, the Soul imagines that these experiences are real and belong to him. Sattwa binds by the enjoyment of Saattwik Pleasures like truth, philosophy, religion, friendship, love, joy birthless, etc. Raajasic qualities bind by addiction to egoistic sense pleasures, arrogance, dominance, anger and, restless activities. Taamasic qualities bind by lethargy, inertia, ignorance, sleep, procrastination, dullness, etc.
May God and the Great Masters, Bless, Guide, Protect and Inspire you.
With much love and humbleness,
Paramahansa Atmananda Ji